Because hands-on materials are so essential to the Singapore method, definitely plan ahead to make sure you have the manipulatives you need. All of these are great, but I recommend the Essential Math edition. For example, American textbooks usually have children master the multiplication facts in third grade. Singapore Math offers several different editions of its homeschool math curriculum, as well as supplemental books. If your older child is switching into Singapore, make sure to have him or her take the placement test.
Parents have three different Singapore Math versions to choose from for grades See the FAQ above for details on kindergarten. Edition, because it focuses on the most important concepts and covers them thoroughly. Where to buy Singapore Math? It includes more details on supplemental books for Singapore, plus advice on how to tackle word problems and mental math. I have a question but 1st. I loved your article it was very informative.
I am starting my 3 children schooling at home and I chose Singapore curriculum. My question is could there be a counselor or some type of ambassador that could help with structuring a curriculum and point you in the right direction on purchasing them? Any help would be greatly appreciated. Hi Tracy, what country are you in? Or, you can buy the program from Rainbowresource dot com. They also have info on their site, or you can call them directly.
Thankyou for this review! If you have a moment, would you mind expounding a little on the common core edition of the Kindergarten level? I realize it is cheaper and meets CCSS, but what does that really mean? Does it have less teacher script? Thanks so much for any help you can provide! Hi Ariel, I actually need to update this buying guide. The two options now are Essentials and Common Core. Thank you for your input. Is the workbook necessary? Lola, it depends a lot on your child. The textbooks do provide quite a few exercises, along with some review pages, so it might be enough for a child who gets math quickly.
But many children need the extra practice that the workbooks provide to completely master the topics. For a child who does get math quickly, the main drawback of not using the workbook is that you would either need to do all the work orally or teach your child how to copy the problems.
I have been using Singapore Standards Edition from K-5 with my daughter. Next year she will be in book 6. I was wondering what your opinion was on us just switching to the U. Is there much difference? I am not sure if that is the correct one. Hi Heidi! You should be fine switching to the US edition for 6th grade. The Standards edition is based off the U. I loved Singapore Math and used it about years ago until my daughter was struggling mightly with concepts and facts. We switched to Math U See and it has worked ok for her.
It makes me tempted to go back to it with him. Are the Essential Math workbooks enough to prep him for the beginning of Singapore where they have to learn many of the facts fairly quickly? Thanks so much! The Essential Math workbooks are definitely enough preparation for 1A and 1B. And, if the ten-frame approach works well for your child, you could also supplement with my Addition Facts That Stick book.
Hey there! Was wondering where it shop for Singapore math in Asia! I am in malayisa. Perhaps try asking over at the Well-Trained Mind forums? There are quite a few international folks who hang out there and might have some ideas. Hey Kate, Thanks for this post. It inspired me to try one of the intensive books for Caleb! Hope all is well! I was planning to use it this summer as both review and to enrich her learning and depth of understanding. She goes to a top private school, but lacks confidence in math, often shutting down her focus due to sensing impemding frustration!
She has apparently caught up with her peers at this point and is doing well, despite lacking somewhst in her number sense, during the 1st half of the year. She is definitely better at the less abstract approach to math teaching. The Early Bird materials are a different edition of Singapore Kindergarten. Essentials B has pages, so even just using that book will still give you a good amount of review and practice for the summer.
The ten-frames are a simple grids of 10 squares that help kids visualize numbers and develop strong number sense. If you subscribe to my email list, a printable ten-frame is included in the Minimalist Manipulative Kit. What would you suggest for a student who did essentials A and neither he nor I liked it…. Sometimes it was too easy a concept and sometimes too hard. We ended up mixing up the last 3 or 4 chapters a bit…doing a page from 2 different ones for some review and interest.
I love math and student taught middle school math and am comfortable adding explanations and activities to a program. O we finished out the year with counting and number writing practice. We have done some work with base 10 blocks also. I would consider him to be in K next year. It mixes things up a lot and provides a wide variety of activities: games, a few worksheets, and many different hands-on manipulatives. My novelty-seeking oldest absolutely adored it. Thank you for the information on Singapore books! I was curious if you have reviewed or have any feed back on the books called Math in Focus….
Do you know of this series? My daughter is going to be in 3rd grade and we used Horizons for 2nd but I am ready to challenge her more and she has realized spiral learning is not for her. Thank you so much! My personal preference is the U. Hi my son in going to the 9 the grade this year. Can you tell me a little bit more about elementary books at starts with 7 the grade. Does it start off with algebra?
Not sure I have right website. Perhaps try asking over on the Well-Traiened Mind forums? I believe some of the parents there have used them and liked them a lot. There are so many publisher out there with the book title of Singapore Math, not even sure which is the real one.
Hi Cel! The Frank Schaeffer books are not directly from the publisher of Singapore Math, but they are aligned with the overall philosophy and more specifically, with one of the editions. You can also get them directly from the publisher at singaporemath. My daughter is going to 6th grade. Which book do you recommend me to buy so she can be buy this summer? What program has your daughter been using? Hi how will I know which grade Singapore mathematics I have to buy for my daughter is 7 years old in US curriculum for grade 2 and Singapore curriculum grade 2 equal?
For example British curriculum grade 2 is equal to American curriculum grade 1. Singapore has a slightly different scope and sequence than American books, so I highly recommend taking a look at their placement tests to see where your daughter should start. My family loves Singapore Math and my oldest is currently on level 5. Do you have any suggestions about where to go after Singapore Math 6? Hi Deb!
After Singapore 6, your child will be ready for a pre-algebra program. This is our first yr of homeschooling…. Is this approach to math going to be really new to her? She had been in the public school system until this year. We live in Indiana and are soooo disappointed with the lack of individual time the students get and she was very lost in the shuffle. Where would you suggest be our starting place? She already has a good grasp of multiplication and so on…..
For a starting place, I highly recommend having her do a placement test. Singapore tackles topics in a slightly different order than most American math curriculum, so kids often place a semester or so below their current grade level. So glad I found your blog!
My son is 6 turns 7 in September. I still consider him as being in Kindergarten this year. When we got to book B i decided started too skip pages that seemed to easy for him because I thought it was a waste of time. Is that the right thing to do? I also stopped following teacher instructions at the bottom of the page ans only use manipulatives sparingly. Very different from Earlybird and I had bad experiences with T or F in my childhood.
Any feedback would be great! Thanks in advance! He is average or a bit better than average. However he can subtract and add in his head without pause a lot of the time…. Those pages do get a bit repetitive—I did the same! I believe the test prep type questions were added to the Common Core edition with the expectation that kids would be having to take a bunch of standardized tests. The U. Also, they have the mental math exercises and answer key. My daughter is in the 2nd grade of US Public School.
She does not get any math homework ; I would really like to compliment the Common Core math education she is getting in school with the Singapore math. Do you think it is a good approach to provide a supplemental math education like this? Are these workbooks ok for kids to work independently, considering she is getting the core concepts in school?
What is a reasonable pace for a child this age? Hi Alena, Self-study workbooks are a great option for a child who resists doing math with her parents. My only caveat would be that some of the material may be presented in the Singapore books earlier than she will get it in school,. Some can literally take my daughter 2 minutes, while others can take a half hour.
Awesome info! Love it! For my second little one, PreK age this fall but chasing after big sis fast, I was just thinking about blending continued PreK math play with Essentials for her next year and wondering about the differences from Standards. Thank you bunches! Both Essentials and Standards are great choices. Essentials is much more streamlined, with just a black-and-white workbook with suggestions for hands-on activities at the bottom.
Both are comprehensive and well-sequenced, so both will get you where you need to go. I use Singapore for K, but am considering a change because I feel uncomfortable teaching math differently from the traditional way. I was leaning toward BJU math. Do you have any info on BJU math? Do you feel it is on grade level? The scope and sequence certainly looks like right on on grade level overall, and it looks like a solid program.
Love it. Would it be ok to switch from US to standards as soon as we start 3A? Glad you enjoyed the review, Hannah! The scope and sequence for the two programs are very similar. Planning to start 1A U. Should I be concerned about the concepts that are not included in the U. S Eddition, but were added to Standards? Both programs eventually cover the same material, only the Standards edition breaks some topics into smaller pieces to better align the books with the old California standards. Great information! I am planning to switch to Singapore in the fall for my 10 and 11 yr olds.
Currently working through Essentials with my 4 yr old. The 2 older kids struggle with dyslexia and are finally able to read somewhat independently. I will be doing the placement tests with them tomorrow but I am guessing they will place in either 2a or 2b. But I am obsessing over US edition or Standards edition. Could you give me any feedback on what makes the Standards edition easier to use?
Ah, the joys of research! It also is often more direct in telling parents what to do and in organizing the steps into bullet points. I have a just-turned five year old entering K in the fall and am making our homeschool curriculum plans. I was at a homeschool convention exhibit hall last night and had a chance to flip through several math curriculums. I was really drawn to Singapore Math and would like to try it. I specifically looked at the Essentials books for K.
We are still working on number recognition past 10, we do some fun activities with pattern blocks and counting, adding and subtracting through real life scenarios, etc, but that has been the extent of it so far. Would I be better off using a preK curriculum next year or maybe even this summer so he has a good solid foundation before we dive into a K curriculum?
Essentials starts out very simply. Hi Kate! Thanks so much for all your reviews. We will be homeschooling for the first time in the fall, and will have a 3rd grader, 2nd grader, and kindergartener. My 3rd grader is not a strong math student, and I think would really benefit from the visual approach to number sense in RightStart. However my 2nd grader is a very strong math student, and will definitely benefit from more of a challenge I plan to put them through the same level, whichever curriculum we choose.
I do have my kindergartener and three younger kiddos to get through, so I know we can always use it for them if we do decide to invest. One is the RightStart Arithmetic Kit, which gives you a streamlined version of the essential concepts of elementary arithmetic. The other is the Math Card Games Kit, which has games to go with most elementary math topics.
Thank You. After i read all those posts I am still confused. I live in the US and my son is entering 1st grade august What should I buy. Sirisha, you will need these books for first grade. I use Singapore with my older kids and I have one starting K at 2-months-shy of age 6. I wish I had found your Pre-K math book sooner! Do you think your PreK book would be too simple for her? Any suggestions? Or suggestions for similar books geared toward a bit older age? Hi Yolanda, Preschool Math at Home would likely be too easy for an almost-six-year-old.
Happy Math! This is regarding my earlier question :above in line. I took the placemenet test online on singaporemath. The test said 1A. Should I buy the next level. Thank You! If he was able to do the 1A placement test easily, have him try the 1B test. Kate, I just wanted to thank you for all the useful information and for answering every single question so clearly. My oldest just turned 5 and this article has given me a lot of insight. Best wishes! Yes, you can probably find it for the best price at Rainbow Resource. Or, you can buy it directly from the publisher at Singaporemath.
Thanks for the thorough review. Wondering what math recommendations you have for grades It looks as though Singapore does not offer curriculum for the those upper grades. Do you have an opinion on what would be good to transition to? Hello Kate, thanks for this article. In fact, Marshall Cavendish alone has three series of Singapore Math.
Students performed on average in the 70th to 80th percentile on nearly every measure. It should not be cited as evidence that our public schools are failing. There have been several other studies of academic achievement prosecuted since the s, most on a much smaller scale than those of Ray and Rudner. Frost and Morris found in a study of 74 Illinois homeschoolers that, controlling for family background variables, homeschoolers scored above average in all subjects but math.
The Ray and Rudner studies also found that homeschoolers do comparatively less well in math than in language-based subjects Ray, a ; Rudner, Likewise, Belfield , in a well-designed study that controlled for family background variables, found that homeschooled seniors taking the SAT scored slightly better than predicted on the SAT verbal and slightly worse on the SAT math. A similar study of ACT mathematics scores likewise found a slight mathematical disadvantage for homeschoolers Quaqish, A second generalization that emerges from many studies on academic achievement is that homeschooling does not have much of an effect at all on student achievement once family background variables are controlled for.
In other studies, it is more explicit. A survey of seniors at a diverse suburban public high school categorized subjects by the degree to which their parents were involved in their learning. A final consistent finding in the literature on academic achievement is that parental background matters very much in homeschooler achievement. Belfield found greater variance in SAT scores by family background among homeschoolers than among institutionally-schooled students.
There is an anomaly in the literature that has not yet been well explained. Several large-scale representative samples of the entire population that have captured some homeschoolers have found, contrary to all that has been reported so far in this section, that homeschoolers tend to under perform academically.
The future direction of studies of academic achievement may lie in the methodology of a paper by Martin-Chang, Gould, and Meuse These researchers sought to overcome the methodological flaws of previous studies by comparing homeschooled students to demographically paired institutionally schooled students. In this study both groups were recruited and both administered tests in the same controlled environment by the same researchers. Most of these studies are quantitative, and most follow a predictable pattern.
Most studies of this sort have found little to no difference on a wide range of variables between previously homeschooled and previously institutionally schooled students, though on a few measures homeschoolers consistently come out on top, if only by small margins. Several studies have found that homeschoolers outperform their institutionally schooled peers with similar demographic backgrounds in grade point average. Cogan found this at a Midwest doctoral institution. Jenkins found it at a community college.
Frequently Asked Questions about Singapore Math
Two studies have found the same at private Christian colleges Holder, ; White et al. Jones and Gloeckner a found it as well, though the difference in their study was not statistically significant. Studies of other variables have found little to no difference between college students who were homeschooled and those who attended traditional schools. A study of student stress levels likewise found no difference Rowe, A few studies have found significant differences between formerly homeschooled and other students.
Using not a sample but population-wide data, Snyder found that homeschooled graduates outperformed their public and privately schooled peers on every variable, sometimes by a wide margin. Again, these results cannot be generalized beyond the special circumstances of the unique institution being studied. In this case it is likely that the homeschooled population self-selected for tolerance, as the university is significantly less conservative than many others patronized by Christian homeschoolers. Studies comparing the personalities and college experiences of homeschooled and conventionally schooled college students have found slight differences between the groups on some measures and little to no differences on others.
White, Moore, and Squires found that college students who had been homeschooled for their entire lives scored significantly higher for openness to new experiences, agreeableness, and conscientiousness, but on other personality measures there was no significant difference between groups. Another study by White et al. Sutton and Galloway , likewise, found no statistically significant difference between groups of homeschooled, private schooled, and public schooled college students on thirty-three of forty measures of college success.
The one category where homeschoolers tended to outperform their peers from other schooling backgrounds was campus leadership — homeschoolers were significantly more involved in leadership positions for longer periods of time. The qualitative studies have largely found the same — that previously homeschooled college students transition well to college and do well in college Smiley, First, two studies have found that homeschooled first-year college students often struggle more than their conventionally schooled peers with the task of writing research papers.
This is partly because many homeschooling families do not stress research-based writing very much in the lower grades and partly because many conservative Christian homeschoolers have a difficult time learning how to write for a secular audience using secular argumentation and sources Holder, ; Marzluf, These same studies found that over time homeschoolers were able to catch up to their peers and eventually produce capable writing that adhered to the standards of the secular academy.
Another question qualitative study of homeschooled college students often engages is the degree to which these students change or do not change their religious or political views as a result of their collegiate experiences. Marzluf found that his writing students were able to learn the conventions of secular writing but did not budge from their consistently conservative political and religious views.
Smiley , similarly, found that most in his sample reported having their home values strengthened as a result of their exposure to other perspectives in college. The more authoritarian the upbringing, the more significant the liberalizing tended to be. Beyond differences between the homeschooled and institutionally schooled college students, the second major issue with which the literature on homeschoolers and higher education is concerned is admissions, both the attitudes of admissions staff toward homeschooling and the policies or lack of policies institutions of higher education have for homeschooled applicants.
Again, most of this literature is quantitative, consisting for the most part of surveys of admissions officers.
A Brief History of Homeschooling
A growing body of research is focused on other aspects of the young adult experience for previously homeschooled students. Not surprisingly, the results, as with other Ray efforts, were superlative. Homeschoolers were found to be better educated than national averages, to vote at high rates, to have a positive view of their homeschooling experiences, and to be generally well adjusted, productive members of society Ray, a ; Ray, b.
A considerably less flattering portrait emerged from the two rounds of the large-scale Cardus Education Survey Pennings et al. The surveys used random sampling to examine the lives of religious, young adults, age , who had been homeschooled through high school.
The surveys compared these young adults to graduates of Protestant, Catholic, and public schools. Homeschoolers in this sample had similar spiritual lives to graduates of Protestant schools, but they got married younger, had fewer children, and divorced more frequently than adults in the other groups, even when controlling for background variables.
Formerly homeschooled young adults reported lower SAT scores than the privately schooled subjects, attended less selective colleges for less time, and reported at higher rates feelings of helplessness about life and lack of goals and direction. Uecker and Hill , in an analysis based on the first round of the Cardus survey, found that, contrary to their hypotheses, homeschooled young adults looked more like public school graduates than private school graduates in terms of their marriage and childbearing patterns.
Like public schoolers, they were more likely to exist on both extremes — marrying and having one or more children very young or not marrying and not having a child at all by age A second database that has been mined to good effect for its findings about homeschooled young adults is the National Survey of Youth and Religion, a massive endeavor initiated in and followed up by two subsequent waves of questions, thus providing valuable longitudinal data about young adult development. Two important articles have mined this data for insights into the lives of homeschooled young adults.
Uecker found that previously homeschooled young adults from nonreligious families were less likely than their equivalent peers from public or private schools to develop a religious life of their own. Homeschooled young adults from very religious families were statistically indistinguishable from their peers who had attended public or private schools. Hill and Den Dulk used the NSYR data to gauge the impact of homeschooling on young adult civic engagement and volunteering.
Homeschoolers in the NSYR sample turned out to be significantly less likely to engage in volunteer activities than public school graduates or graduates of private religious schools. The cumulative results of the studies based on randomized data, then, make homeschooling outcomes seem far less rosy than those reported by Ray a.
They are convenience samples recruited by the authors in whatever way they could devise — mailing list requests, facebook invitations, advertisements in homeschooling publications or on websites. Nevertheless, here are the results. Seven installments of findings have been published based upon the survey, which was taken by 3, people. Brian Ray returned to the topic of homeschooled young adults with his Gen2 Survey, conducted online in and securing a total of 9, responses. Ray began publishing the results in Christian children raised in secular public or private schools, in contrast, were less likely to keep the faith as adults Ray, b.
Finally, Gray and Riley a , b conducted the first ever survey of adults who had been unschooled that is, home education with limited formal structure so as to maximize self-directed learning. A comparatively high percentage, especially of lifelong unschoolers, had chosen careers in the creative arts, and a comparatively small percentage had chosen careers in a science, technology, engineering, or mathematics field. Apple, M. The cultural politics of homeschooling.
Peabody Journal of Education , 75, Balmer, R. New York: Basic Books. Barwegen, L. Academic achievement of homeschool and public school students and student perception of parent involvement. School Community Journal , 14, Belfield, C. Home-schoolers: How well do they perform on the SAT for college admissions?
Cooper Ed. Boulder, CO: Paradigm. Bloodworth, R. A legal history of home schooling in North Carolina Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Bolle, M. Transitional experiences of first year college students who were homeschooled. Journal of College Student Development , 48, Boulter, L. Academic achievement in home school education. Carper, J. Home schooling, history, and historians: The past as present. The High School Journal , 75, Pluralism to establishment to dissent: The religious and educational context of home schooling.
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Cheng, A. Does homeschooling or private schooling promote political intolerance? Evidence from a Christian university. Journal of School Choice , 8, Coalition for Responsible Home Education. A complex picture: Results of a survey of adult alumni of the modern Christian homeschool movement, installment 1: Descriptive summary. Homeschool Alumni Reaching Out. A complex picture: Results of a survey of adult alumni of the modern Christian homeschool movement, installment 2: Demographics. A complex picture: Results of a survey of adult alumni of the modern Christian homeschool movement, installment 3: Academics and non-academics.
A complex picture: Results of a survey of adult alumni of the modern Christian homeschool movement, installment 4: Food and health. A complex picture: Results of a survey of adult alumni of the modern Christian homeschool movement, installment 5: Religion. A complex picture: Results of a survey of adult alumni of the modern Christian homeschool movement, installment 6: Present and Future. A complex picture: Results of a survey of adult alumni of the modern Christian homeschool movement, installment 7: Sexuality.
Homeschooling and Traveling - World Travel Family
Cochran, C. The home school movement in the United States: Georgia as a test case, Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Emory University, Atlanta, GA. Cogan, M. Exploring academic outcomes of homeschooled students. Journal of College Admission , , Coleman, R. The homeschool math gap: The data. Duggan, M. Dumas, T. Evidence for homeschooling: Constitutional analysis in light of social science research. Widener Law Review, 16 , Fields-Smith, C.
Kisura, M. Resisting the status quo: The narratives of black homeschoolers in metro-Atlanta and metro-DC. Peabody Journal of Education. Urban Review. Frost, E. Does home-schooling work? Some insights for academic success. Contemporary Education , 59, Gaither, M. Homeschool: An American history. New York: Palgrave MacMillan. Homeschool: An American history 2nd ed. Gloeckner, G. Reflections on a decade of changes in homeschooling and the homeschooled into higher education. Peabody Journal of Education , 88, Goymer, S.
Getting inside families: Exploring a case study research issue in homeschooling. Home School Researcher , 14, Gray, P. Green-Hennessy, S. Homeschooled adolescents in the United States: Developmental outcomes. Journal of Adolescence , 37, In the first years of the twentieth century, there lived a young man who wondered about that.
In fact, he wondered about a lot of things, and what became of his wondering you shall see. He helped inventors fill out the paperwork so they would own their creations and no one else could claim them. He typed out the forms and filed them in their proper places, chatted with his friend in the office next door, and ate his simple lunch every day at his desk. When evening softened the sky, he walked home and greeted his wife and newborn son, and then shared with them a dinner of beef and potatoes, or pea soup and cabbage.
8 Steps to Homeschool Success
In the second example you feel as if you are walking alongside Einstein. You can imagine it. That is a living book. So I want you to use living books during this stage—just in two subjects. Use a living book for history and a living book for Bible. Bible is going to be easy, because the Bible is the living Book. So you can just read the accounts, the narrative portions: the account of Adam and Eve, the account of Noah, the account of Jacob and Joseph, of the life of Christ, of the early church. All of those wonderful accounts are living books, living narratives, living stories. Then I also want you to use living books for your history.
Maybe you are not yet ready to let go of a textbook completely. What you can do first is look at what history time period you are covering in the textbook, and bring in living books on the side that will elaborate on that same time period. Living books will make that time period come alive to your children. And gradually, I think you will find that you become more and more comfortable with those living books, because the facts are still there; they are just presented with all of the living ideas that come with the story.
Where can you find living books for history? Here are some of our favorite titles for the different time periods. Now, as you read living books for history and Bible, remember the second technique that you will be implementing at this stage. Rather than ask the kids questions and quiz them over what you have read, I want you to use narration. Narration is having the children retell what they just heard or read, in their own words. You want them to do a much higher thinking level than that.
I recommend that you start short. So start short. Then look at the clock and see whether you have time to do another couple of paragraphs. As they get more accustomed to this method, you will be able to nudge that length out and read longer portions for narration.
But take your time with it. You can do it! Podcast: Play in new window Download. Podcast podcastv : Play in new window Download. Tags: charlotte mason method , living books , narration , short lessons. Then, of course, as they narrate, they claim the subject and it is committed to memory without further study. If you are able to start your children early with this method, when they are very young, it comes along quite naturally. It also enables the youngest children to have a part in the homeschool studies.
They get to tell what they remember from the book that is read aloud, just like the older ones. They are included and it is quite easy to get all the best benefits from narration when a child is used to the method. Our family includes 5 children and we have homeschooled over 20 years. I enjoy your website. It is very helpful.
Related Stages of Homeschooling: Beginnings (Book 1)
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